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Beta-blockade enhances the pleiotropic effects of statins on endothelial function. The mechanism should be confirmed by further studies.
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High-intensity statin therapy alters the progressive nature of diabetic coronary atherosclerosis, yielding regression of disease in diabetic and nondiabetic patients.
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In this open-labeled, placebo-controlled, randomized, two-period, crossover trial with a washout period of 15 days, 12 healthy male volunteers were administered daily oral doses of 5 mg warfarin for 14 days. Either rosuvastatin 40 mg/day (treatment A) or placebo (treatment B) was concomitantly administered on days 8-14. The pharmacodynamic parameters prothrombin time (PT) and international normalized ratio (INR) were evaluated on all 14 days pre-dose during both study periods. On the 8th, 10th, 12th, and 14th days of each study period, PT and INR were also measured at 4 h post-dose of rosuvastatin or placebo. Bleeding time and clotting time were assessed on the 1st, 8th, and 14th days pre-dose.
Attenuated plaque is present in a significant number of nonculprit segments in patients enrolled in IVUS progression trials and remains stable during follow-up. There is a relationship with mixed calcified lesions. These findings challenge the prior assumption that attenuated plaque is a finding limited to culprit lesions associated with acute clinical presentation.
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Statin-fibrate combination therapy has been used to treat patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) complicated by elevated triglycerides (TG) and decreased high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of the combination therapy on lipids profile and apolipoprotein A5 (apoA5) level in patients with ACS.
Consistent with recent evidence-based Canadian Cardiovascular Society guidelines for primary prevention, the JUPITER trial demonstrates that rosuvastatin 20 mg significantly reduces major cardiovascular events among men and women with elevated hsCRP and "intermediate risk" defined either as 5% to 10% or 10% to 20% 10-year risk.
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24 subjects were included in this single-dose, open-label, randomized, two-way crossover study following an overnight fast. A 2-week wash out period was applied. Blood samples were drawn up to 72 hours following drug administrations. Rosuvastatin plasma concentrations were determined by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method with TurboIon-Spray mode. Pharmacokinetic parameters AUC(0-t), AUC(0-∞), and Cmax were determined and used for bioequivalence evaluation after log-transformation, whereas tmax ratios were evaluated nonparametrically.
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This is a prespecified analysis of a prospective, randomized, open-label, blinded end point (PROBE) study (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01010516). Patients (n = 100) with mixed dyslipidaemia on a standard statin dose who had not achieved lipid targets were randomized to switch to the highest dose of rosuvastatin (40 mg/day) or to add-on-statin extended release nicotinic acid (ER-NA)/laropiprant (LRPT) or to add-on-statin micronized fenofibrate for a total of 3 months.
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Careful review of both results and methods used in the trial and comparison with expected data.
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Administration of P-OM3 with rosuvastatin did not affect the pharmacokinetics of rosuvastatin under steady-state conditions in healthy individuals.
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PTEN(loxp/cre) or PTEN(+/-) mice received ND or WD without or with ROS (10 mg/kg/day). Wild-type mice received ND or WD without or with ROS, CIL (10 mg/kg/day), or ROS+CIL for 30 days. Fasting insulin and glucose tolerance test were measured as well as PTEN and P-AKT levels in skeletal muscle.
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Homocysteine (50-1000 μmol/L) significantly increased the production and activation of MMP-2, the expression of TIMP-2, and the migration of VSMCs in a dose-dependent manner. Additional extracellular rosuvastatin can decrease the excessive expression and activation of MMP-2 and abnormal migration of VSMCs induced by homocysteine.
At the LDL-C target of 2.6 mmol L(-1) and the non-HDL-C target of 3.4 mmol L(-1), the measured apoB values were significantly higher than consensus apoB target values. The difference was most marked for c-LDL-C in hypertriglyceridaemic subjects and for non-HDL-C in patients without hypertriglyceridaemia. A similar pattern was seen using centile-derived consensus values but the differences were accentuated because this approach generates lower equivalent consensus apoB values.
Rosuvastatin treatment was associated with a 49% reduction in LDL-C-C, a 34% reduction in total cholesterol, an 8.0% increase in HDL-C and a 16% reduction in triglycerides (all P < 0.0001 compared with placebo). The difference in rate of mean maximum CIMT progression between the rosuvastatin and placebo groups (based on near and far wall measurements from both left and right common carotid and internal carotid segments and carotid bifurcation) was not statistically significant after 6 months (0.0023 mm year(-1) and 0.0106 mm year(-1), respectively P = 0.34). After 12 months, CIMT progression rates were significantly different between the groups: 0.0032 mm year(-1) and 0.0133 mm year(-1) in the rosuvastatin-treated and placebo-treated groups, respectively (P = 0.049). This divergence grew with further follow-up: -0.0009 mm year(-1) and 0.0131 mm year(-1) after 18 months (P < 0.001) and -0.0014 mm year(-1) and 0.0131 mm year(-1) after 24 months of treatment (P < 0.001). Results were stronger for the mean common CIMT progression (based on near and far wall measurements from both left and right common carotid segments).
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a disorder characterized by left ventricular apical ballooning with preceding emotional and/or physical stressors. This condition is also an important differential diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome. We herein describe a case of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, a significant clinical phenomenon, triggered by delayed-onset rhabdomyolysis following the administration of long-term statin treatment, without any preceding stressors or changes in the patient's medical condition, in association with complaints of non-specific muscle-related symptoms. Although an electrocardiogram showed remarkable ST-segment elevation, a careful reading of the electrocardiogram findings revealed the features of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. Withdrawing the statin therapy improved the patient's cardiac function.
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Animal studies have consistently demonstrated the ability of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors to limit the damage induced by ischemia-reperfusion (IR) in the cardiac, cerebral and mesenteric circulation through a mechanism dependent on the upregulation of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). Our group performed studies aimed at investigating the mechanism of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor-mediated endothelial protection from IR injury, in particular the role of COX-2, in a human in vivo model of IR-induced endothelial dysfunction. We demonstrated that HMG-CoA reductase inhibition protects against IR-induced endothelial damage, an effect that was lost upon COX-2 inhibition. These observations may suggest a mechanistic explanation for the cardioprotection observed in clinical settings such as percutaneous coronary interventions and coronary artery bypass surgery and may also propose a mechanistic hypothesis for the reported cardiotoxic effects of cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors observed in clinical studies. These studies are summarized and discussed in the present paper.
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Randomized controlled and uncontrolled before-and-after trials evaluating the dose response of different fixed doses of rosuvastatin on blood lipids over a duration of three to 12 weeks.
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Hypercholesterolemia is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and requires continuous management. The role of primary physicians in this regard is important, yet the factors associated with successful lipid lowering treatments in primary clinics have not been clearly identified. We aimed to evaluate the rate of successful hypercholesterolemia treatment in Korean primary care, and to identify the factors associated with achieving low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) targets.
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Rosuvastatin treatment reduced insulin resistance without affecting body weight or WAT loss in HFD rats. Reduction of leptin and JNK, and enhancement of SIRT-1, p53, PGC-1α, PPAR-γ and GLUT-4 expression in WAT could contribute to insulin sensitization. Normalization of SIRT-1 expression in WAT could be considered a key novel mechanism that aids in explaining the beneficial effects of rosuvastatin on the amelioration of glucose metabolism and the arrangement of multiple signaling pathways participating in insulin resistance in overweight HFD rats.
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The results of this study show that ciprofibrate and rosuvastatin or a combination of both can be considered an effective, safe and well-tolerated lipid-lowering treatment for patients with AIDS on highly active antiretroviral therapy.