Hyzaar is an effective strong preparation which is taken in treatment of hypertension disease. Hyzaar acts as anti-hypertension remedy. Hyzaar operates by reducing blood pressure.
Other names for this medication:
Also known as: Losartan.
Hyzaar is created by pharmacy specialists to combat hypertension disease. Target of Hyzaar is to control level of blood pressure.
Hyzaar acts as anti-hypertension remedy. Hyzaar operates by reducing blood pressure.
Hyzaar is also known as Losartan potassium, Hydrochlorothiazide, Cosart-H.
Hyzaar consists of Losartan and Hydrochlorothiazide. Losartan is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist. Hydrochlorothiazide is a diuretic.
Generic name of Hyzaar is Hydrochlorothiazide and Losartan.
Brand name of Hyzaar is Hyzaar.
You should take it orally with water.
It is better to take Hyzaar once a day at the same time with meals or without it.
If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Hyzaar suddenly.
If you overdose Hyzaar and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Symptoms of Hyzaar overdosage: fainting, feeling lightheaded, rapid heartbeat.
Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture, light and heat. Keep container tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.
The most common side effects associated with Hyzaar are:
Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.
Do not take Hyzaar if you are allergic to its components.
Do not take Hyzaar if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother. Hyzaar can harm your baby.
Try to be careful with Hyzaar usage in case of having liver or kidney disease, heart failure, diabetes, asthma, high blood levels, lupus, gout.
Try to be careful with Hyzaar usage in case of taking such medication as diuretics; lithium as Eskalith, Lithobid; colestipol as Colestid; phenobarbital as Luminal, Solfoton; cholestyramine as Questran; aspirin; oral steroids as dexamethasone (Decadron, Dexone), prednisone (Deltasone), methylprednisolone (Medrol); insulin or oral medications for diabetes; nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs); potassium supplements; medications for high blood pressure; narcotic pain medications.
Use Hyzaar with great care in case you want to undergo an operation (dental or any other).
If you want to achieve most effective results without any side effects it is better to avoid alcohol.
Do not stop taking Hyzaar suddenly.
Adult patients with angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB)-resistant essential hypertension (n = 104) were enrolled and switched to combination therapy with losartan (50 mg/day) and hydrochlorothiazide (12.5 mg/day).
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In a 10-year horizon, in scenarios of SBP reduction with HCT 25 mg, the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) estimates for men varied across different ages in the range of €6032 to €58,217 per life-year gained, whereas for women ICER estimates were in the range of €12,345 to €361,064 per life-year gained. In a lifetime horizon, the cost-effectiveness estimates were favorable for both sexes. In scenarios of hypothetical SBP reductions, more favorable ICER estimates compared with no reduction were found. A large uncertainty around the cost-effectiveness estimates was observed among all scenarios.
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Of 24,825 eligible patients, 20,726 were followed during a 6-month period. Among these, subjects for analysis included those with systolic blood pressure (SBP) >140 mmHg and diastolic BP (DBP) <90 mmHg; patients with diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease were excluded. A total of 15,846 patients were analysed. Among the various complications, hypercholesterolemia was the most frequent concomitant cardiovascular (CV) risk factor (48.1%), followed by obesity (16.3%). Associated clinical conditions were cerebrovascular diseases (9.6%), ischemic heart disease (7.9%) and left ventricular hypertrophy (4.6%). Total numbers of patients exhibiting any type of complications were 62% (≤64 years old), 69% (65-74 years old) and 67% (≥75 years old) (stratification of age). Mean SBP/DBP measurements (mm Hg) were 156/78 at the start, 140/72 at 1 month and 134/72 at 6 months. Blood pressure (BP) reductions associated with various diseases were similar among patients. Laboratory data including serum levels of total cholesterol, uric acid, hemoglobin A1c and serum potassium did not change during the study. Adverse effects such as orthostatic hypotension and considerable reductions in BP (>30 mmHg SBP) were rare.
A randomized, open-label, multicenter trial was performed in 88 hypertensive patients (mean age = 63.4 years) allocated to receive losartan 50 mg or amlodipine 5 mg for 4 weeks, and each treatment was changed to losartan 50 mg/hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) 12.5 mg in combination or amlodipine 10 mg for a further 4 weeks. Clinic and ambulatory BP were measured before and after 8 weeks of treatment, and hsCRP was measured at baseline.
To investigate the association of adherence to antihypertensive drug regimens and BP control using data from the Combination Pill of Losartan Potassium and Hydrochlorothiazide for Improvement of Medication Compliance Trial (COMFORT) study.
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Larger SBP reductions were found to be cost-effective in both a 10-year and lifetime horizon. These findings might call for more aggressive SBP reductions in patients with mild hypertension. However, a high level of uncertainty surrounds these cost-effectiveness estimates because they are based on CVD risk prediction modeling.
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Losartan/hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) [Hyzaar(R)] is a fixed-dose combination of the angiotensin II receptor antagonist (angiotensin receptor blocker [ARB]) losartan and the thiazide diuretic HCTZ. It is indicated for the treatment of hypertension (including as initial therapy in severe hypertension) and for stroke risk reduction in patients with hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Losartan/HCTZ is an effective combination therapy, lowering blood pressure (BP) to a greater extent than losartan or HCTZ alone in patients with hypertension. Other ARB/HCTZ fixed-dose combinations generally lowered BP to a greater extent than losartan/HCTZ in patients with hypertension, although whether this translates into improvements in cardiovascular outcomes is not known. In the LIFE study, losartan-based therapy was associated with a lower incidence of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality than atenolol-based therapy, mainly as a result of a reduced risk of stroke; the incidence of new-onset diabetes mellitus was also lower with losartan-based therapy. Losartan/HCTZ is a well tolerated combination therapy. Thus, losartan/HCTZ remains an important option in the treatment of hypertension, as well as being indicated to reduce stroke risk in patients with hypertension and LVH.
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A total of 203 hypertensive subjects were randomly assigned to a daily regimen of a combination pill (losartan 50 mg/hydrochlorothiazide 12.5 mg) or two pills, an angiotensin II receptor blocker and a thiazide diuretic. Medication adherence calculated based on pill counts and BPs was evaluated at 1, 3 and 6 months after randomization.
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Randomized, open-label, crossover, bioavailability studies were conducted separately in healthy Asian Indian and Japanese volunteers. One tablet either of test or of reference product was administered after 10 hours of overnight fasting. After dosing, serial blood samples were collected for a period of 48 hours for both the studies. Plasma samples were analyzed for losartan, losartan carboxylic acid and hydrochlorothiazide by a validated liquid chromatographic and mass spectrometric method (LC-MS/MS). The pharmacokinetic parameters AUC0-t, AUC0-∞, Cmax, tmax, and other pharmacokinetics parameters were determined from plasma concentration-time profiles for both test and reference formulations of losartan/hydrochlorothiazide 50 + 12.5 mg tablets. Statistical evaluations were done to evaluate bioequivalence between generic test formulation (EPR0001) and Japanese reference product (Preminent®).
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There were no appreciable effects of the combination pill of antihypertensive drugs on medication adherence or blood pressure control in Japanese patients over a 6-month period.
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A total of 500 outpatients with primary AH and risk factors including the risk of stroke received Hyzaar (losartan 50/100 mg and hydrochlorthiaside 12.5/25 mg) for one year.
This multicentre, randomized, double-blind clinical trial studied 302 patients with mild or moderate hypertension in 1995. Of the 302, 97 also underwent ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). After a 4-week placebo run-in period, the patients were randomly assigned to group A, B or C for 12 weeks. Those in groups A and B began treatment with losartan at 50mg/d, and those in group C began with amlodipine at 5 mg/d. If the blood pressure remained uncontrolled after 6 weeks, subjects in group A had their losartan dose doubled (to 100 mg/d), those in group B were given hydrochlorothiazide (12.5 mg/d) in addition to the losartan, which remained at 50 mg/d, and patients in group C had their amlodipine dose doubled (to 10 mg/d).
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A total of 207 hypertensive subjects were randomly assigned to a combination pill group (losartan 50mg/hydrochlorothiazide 12.5mg; n=103) or a control group (an angiotensin receptor blocker and a thiazide diuretic; n=104). Medication adherence was evaluated by pill counts at 1, 3, and 6 months after randomization. The mean adherence rates over 6 months were not different between the 2 groups: 98% in the combination pill group and 98% in the control group. Moreover, the 2 groups included similar numbers of subjects with relatively poor adherence rates (<90%) in each treatment period. The mean blood pressures over the 6-month treatment period were not different between the groups: 131/75 mmHg in the combination pill group and 130/75 mmHg in the control group (P=0.84/0.96).
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Of 60 patients with a mean BP of 173.3 ± 1.7/98.4 ± 1.2 mmHg, 59 were randomized to losartan + HCTZ (n = 32) or bisoprolol + HCTZ (n = 27). Amlodipine was added if target BP was not achieved at 1 month, and doxazosin was added if target BP was not achieved after 3 months. Body mass index, office and 24-hour ambulatory BP, pulse wave velocity (carotid-femoral [PWVE] and radial [PWVM]), noninvasive central systolic BP, augmentation index (AIx), laboratory investigations, and electrocardiography were done at baseline and after 6 months of treatment.
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This was a retrospective, uncontrolled analysis of data derived from a large, cross-sectional web-based clinical database collected by physicians.
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Losartan potassium was the first in a new class of potent angiotensin II receptor antagonists which are well-tolerated in the treatment of hypertension. Losartan potassium is the active ingredient in tablets COZAAR and is combined with diuretic co-active hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) in tablets HYZAAR for increased efficacy. Losartan potassium has one main impurity and two primary degradates. HCTZ has one major degradate as well as two common process impurities. Historically, separate methods have been used for the analysis of each active and their respective impurities and degradates. The ultimate goal of this work was to develop and validate a single high-performance liquid chromatography method selective for the eight main components of tablets HYZAAR. A single method was developed to afford simultaneous quantitation of actives and degradates for each of the two existing formulations. Each method is presented herein and demonstrated to be suitable for quantitation to 0.1% levels of all relevant degradates, as well as 100% levels of respective drug substances.
More frequent RF in hypertensive patients are the following: high blood cholesterol (86.7%), left ventricular hypertrophy (53.2%), familial history of AH (74.2%). A combination of three and two RF occurs in 49.1 and 37% hypertensive patients, respectively. A 6-month treatment with Hyzaar lowered systolic blood pressure by 28.4 mm Hg and diastolic one by 15.4 mm Hg. The target blood pressure was achieved in 83.5%. Real clinical practice showed that administration of a target Hyzaar dose for 6 months leads to a 6.5% regress of left ventricular hypertrophy, an 11% decrease of total cholesterol, a 4% decrease of glucose and a 8.9% decrease of uric acid.
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The results of these bioavailability studies indicate that the test formulation of losartan/hydrochlorothiazide 50 + 12.5 mg (EPR0001) tablets is bioequivalent to marketed Preminent® reference formulation in Asian Indian and Japanese volunteers, when administered under fasting conditions. Both test and reference formulations were well tolerated as a single oral dose when administered to healthy adult subjects under fasted conditions. Although Asian Indian and Japanese volunteers are ethnically different, results of these studies indicate that pharmacokinetic parameters of Asian Indian and Japanese volunteers are comparable to each other in terms of bioavailability of losartan, losartan carboxylic acid and hydrochlorothiazide. Similar least square means ratios were obtained in Asian Indian and Japanese volunteers demonstrating that a bioequivalence study conducted on Japanese volunteers seems to be substituted by Asian Indian volunteers' studies.
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A Markov model was developed to assess the cost-effectiveness of SBP reduction compared with no reduction in patients with mild hypertension and low CVD risk. Modified SCORE (Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation) risk estimates were used to predict fatal and nonfatal CVD events. We analyzed scenarios for different age groups, sexes, and SBP reductions. Specifically, SBP reductions due to hydrochlorothiazide (HCT) 25 mg and hypothetical reductions with HCT 12.5 mg-losartan 50 mg combination were assumed. Parameter uncertainty was assessed through a probabilistic sensitivity analysis.
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Long-term effects of a low-dose hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) with losartan (LOS) on uric acid (UA) metabolism as well as glucose metabolism have been studied in hypertensive patients in comparison with those of a low-dose HCTZ with telmisartan (TEL).
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The study was a prospective, multicenter, observational trial exploring the antihypertensive effect of a single tablet of LOS 50 mg/HCTZ 12.5 mg. A total of 228 patients whose BP had previously been treated with more than one antihypertensive agents without having achieved BP goal below 130/80 mmHg enrolled in the study.
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The combination treatment significantly decreased both systolic (baseline: 147±11; 24 weeks: 133±13 mmHg) and diastolic (baseline: 79±8; 24 weeks: 72±10 mmHg) blood pressure. This treatment was also associated with a significant increase in the HbA1c level (baseline: 7.0±0.8%; 24 weeks: 7.2±0.9%) and a significant decrease in the urinary albumin-creatinine ratio (baseline: 280±590; 24 weeks: 110±253 mg/g creatinine). However, the combination treatment had no effect on lipid metabolism or the serum uric acid or potassium levels.
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We analyzed the efficacy and safety of Preminent(®) [losartan (50 mg/day)/HCTZ (12.5 mg/day)] compared to CodioMD(®) [valsartan (80 mg/day)/HCTZ (6.25 mg/day)].
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A total of 1080 consecutive EH patients [662 males, mean age (60.9 +/- 12.3) years] who seeked for medical consultation in study hospitals in Fuzhou city during October 2004 and October 2006 were included in this study. The blood pressure before and after antihypertensive treatments were obtained in 1000 patients, and the renal function and electrolyte before and after antihypertensive treatments were obtained in 600 patients. Patients with SBP > 140 and/or DBP > 90 mm Hg 2 weeks after initial antihypertensive agents were cotreated with felodipine, patients with SBP > 140 and/or DBP > 90 mm Hg 4 weeks after initial antihypertensive agents were cotreated with beta and/or alpha blockers.
The patients were divided into groups with hsCRP levels above and below the median (0.47 mg/L) for the study population. In the total population, 24-hour systolic BP (SBP) (P = 0.03) and daytime SBP (P = 0.01) were significantly higher in the above-median hsCRP group after 8 weeks of treatment. In multivariable regression analysis, baseline hsCRP was a significant determinant of the percentage change in daytime SBP (β = 0.29; P = 0.02) in the total population. In the losartan/HCTZ treatment group, changes in 24-hour SBP, daytime SBP, and diastolic BP were significantly smaller in the above-median hsCRP group than the below-median hsCRP group, whereas the amlodipine group did not show these differences.
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