We investigated the effect of argirein on acute inflammation edema and examined that aquaporin 4 (AQP4), p66Shc and activating transcription factor (ATF-6) might be involved in carrageenan-induced rat paw inflammation and be reversed by argirein, rhein and indometacin, but not L-arginine.
indocin tablets uses
A prospective, investigator-masked, randomized study was performed in 64 patients scheduled to undergo vitrectomy. The patients were randomized 1:1:1:1 to receive indomethacin 0.5%, bromfenac 0.09%, nepafenac 0.1%, or placebo three times a day. NSAIDs and PGE2 levels were evaluated in vitreous samples collected at the beginning of surgery.
Current work was conducted to evaluate the vasorelaxant effect of dihydrospinochalcone-A (1) and isocordoin (2), compounds type chalcone isolated from Lonchocarpus xuul, an endemic tree of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. Compounds 1 and 2 were found to induce significant relaxant effect in a concentration-dependent manner on aortic rat rings pre-contracted with noradrenaline (NA, 0.1 μM). Compound 1 was the most active and its effect was endothelium-dependent (Emax=79.67% and EC50=21.46 μM with endothelium and Emax=23.58% and EC50=91.8 μM without endothelium, respectively). The functional mechanism of action for 1 was elucidated. Pre-incubation with L-NAME (unspecific nitric oxide synthase inhibitor), indomethacin (unspecific COX inhibitor), ODQ (soluble guanylyl cyclase inhibitor), atropine (cholinergic receptor antagonist), TEA (unspecific potassium channel blocker) reduced relaxations induced by 1. Oral administration of 50 mg/kg of compound 1 exhibited significant decrease in diastolic and systolic blood pressure in SHR rats. The heart rate was not modified. Compound 1 was docked with a crystal structure of eNOS. Dihydrospinochalcone-A showed calculated affinity with eNOS in the C1 binding pockets, near the catalytic site; Trp449, Trp447 and His373 through aromatic and π-π interactions, also His463 and Arg367 are the residues that make hydrogen bonds with the carbonyl and hydroxyl groups. In conclusion, dihydrospinochalcone-A induces a significant antihypertensive effect due to its direct vasorelaxant action on rat aorta rings, through NO/sCG/PKG pathway and potassium channel opening.
indocin 40 mg
Preterm infants born at <37 weeks' gestational age were prospectively enrolled within 24 hours of birth. Plasma BNP levels were measured on days 1, 4, and 7. Significant PDA was diagnosed by large ductal flow with left to right shunt on color Doppler echocardiography, along with clinical features of PDA. Following that, hsPDA was treated with indomethacin.
indocin brand name
It was concluded that the extract might act by non-selective inhibition of cyclooxygenase 1 and 2 to decrease plasma PGE(2) concentration.
indocin sr medication
ACh is a neurotransmitter in cat esophageal circular muscle, as atropine nearly abolishes contraction of in vitro circular muscle strips in response to electric field stimulation (EFS) (5, 12). Experimental esophagitis reduced EFS- but not ACh-induced contraction of esophageal circular muscle, suggesting that esophagitis impairs neurotransmitter release. Because IL-1beta and IL-6 are produced in esophagitis and reproduce these changes in normal esophageal muscle (12), we examined the role of IL-1beta and IL-6 in this motor dysfunction. IL-1beta, IL-6 (12), H2O2, PGE2, and platelet-activating factor (PAF) were elevated in esophagitis specimens. Normal muscle incubated (2 h) in IL-1beta and IL-6 had increases in H2O2, PGE2, and PAF levels. H2O2 contributed to increased PGE2 and PAF, as the increase was partially (60-80%) reversed by the H2O2 scavenger catalase. EFS-induced [3H]ACh release from muscle strips significantly (42%) decreased in esophagitis and after 2 h incubation in PGE2 and in PAF C-16. Similarly, EFS-induced but not ACh-induced muscle contraction decreased in esophagitis and after incubation in PGE2 and PAF C-16. Finally, in normal muscle strips treated with IL-1beta electrical field stimulation (EFS)-induced contraction was partially restored by indomethacin or by the PAF antagonist CV3988 and was completely restored by the combination of CV3988 and indomethacin, whereas in strips treated with IL-6, EFS-induced contraction was partially restored by the PAF antagonist CV3988 and not affected by indomethacin. We conclude that IL-1beta-induced production of H2O2 causes formation of PGE2 and PAF that inhibit ACh release from esophageal cholinergic neurons without affecting ACh-induced contraction of esophageal circular muscle. IL-6 causes production of H2O2, PAF, and other unidentified inflammatory mediators.
During the first 6 days of healing, the LI of the non-parietal epithelial cells increases exponentially in the ulcer margin; this is enhanced by gastrin. The unexpected finding in the ulcer rats of decreased LI in undamaged oxyntic and antral epithelium may be caused by a block of the G1 restriction point in the cell cycle. The reason for this remains obscure.
indocin 15 mg
The two groups were not different with respect to age, gender, ASA class or duration of surgery. When indomethacin was used preoperatively, intraoperative blood loss was 623 +/- 243 mL (mean +/- SD) and postoperative blood loss 410 +/- 340 mL. After meloxicam, these values were 524 +/- 304 mL and 358 +/- 272 mL, respectively. Total perioperative blood loss after meloxicam was 17% (P < 0.05) less than that observed after indomethacin.
indocin 20 mg
Endothelial injuries induced by different stimuli lead to proliferation of intimal vascular smooth muscle cells with formation of neointima. In this functional study, we evaluated the reactivity to contracting and vasorelaxing agents in Wistar rat carotid artery at different times (1, 7, 14, 21 and 28 days) after endothelial denudation with angioplastic balloon technique. Injured (IC) and uninjured carotid artery rings (UC) were placed in an isolated organ bath for isometric force displacement. IC collected at 1, 7, 14, 21 and 28 days showed a reduction in contraction to phenylephrine (0.3 microM), angiotensin II (0.1 microM), U46619 (0.1 microM), KCl (60 mM) and A23187 (1microM) at any experimental time compared to rings obtained from UC. The evaluation of endothelial-derived relaxing or hyperpolarizing factor (EDRF or EDHF), induced by acetylcholine (0.001-1 microM) in presence of indomethacin (10 microM) or indomethacin and Nomega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (L-NAME) (10 and 100 microM, respectively), was carried out at 14, 21 and 28 days. The EDRF-induced relaxation was significantly (P < 0.0001) reduced at 14 days and it improved through out the observation time, indeed at 28 days it was indistinguishable from UC relaxation curve. In contrast, the EDHF-induced relaxation was significantly (P < 0.0001) reduced at all experimental time. A significant reduction in nitric oxide-induced relaxation, sodium nitroprusside (0.001-10 microM), was observed at 7, 14 and 21 days, but not at 28 days. The relaxation induced by diazoxide (3-300 microM), an opener of KATP channels, was significantly reduced only at 7 days but not at 14, 21 and 28 days. Western blot analysis of myosin heavy chain revealed that up to 28 days the re-differentiation (maturity state) of smooth muscle cells was not yet reached. In conclusion, our data showed that hyporeactivity to contracting and relaxing agents in endothelial denuded carotid of rats could be linked to a multifactorial condition in which reduction of receptors and alterations in post-receptor transductions in neointima may produce modification of protein expression and/or variation in ion flux where calcium could have a pivotal role.
indocin sr alcohol
Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced enteropathy is clinically very important, but the pathological mechanisms remain unclear. Mast cells have been reported to play an important role in the pathogenesis of indomethacin-induced small intestinal injury. In this study, we investigated the role of mast cells in indomethacin-induced small intestinal injury using mast cell deficiency (Ws/Ws) rat.
indocin and alcohol
Forty male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to a control group, an untreated alloxan-induced diabetic group and three diabetic groups treated with different doses of GA. Six weeks after induction of diabetes and GA treatment, total antioxidant capacity (TAC), malondialdehyde (MDA) concentrations, and the vasodilatory response to histamine of the MVB (measured as changes in perfusion pressure) were determined.
indocin renal dosing
Increased gastrointestinal (GI) permeability is an important hallmark of many conditions, potentially leading to antigen exposure and sepsis. Current permeability tests are hampered by analytical limitations. This study aims to compare the accuracy of our multi-sugar (MS) and the classical dual sugar (DS) test for detection of increased GI permeability.
The cyclooxygenases (COX-1 and COX-2) are membrane-associated, heme-containing homodimers that generate prostaglandin H(2) from arachidonic acid (AA) in the committed step of prostaglandin biogenesis and are the targets for nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). N-(2-cyclohexyloxy-4-nitrophenyl) methanesulfonamide (NS-398) was the first in a series of isoform-selective drugs designed to preferentially inhibit COX-2, with the aim of ameliorating many of the toxic gastrointestinal side effects caused by conventional NSAID inhibition. We determined the X-ray crystal structure of murine COX-2 in complex with NS-398 utilizing synchrotron radiation to 3.0A resolution. NS-398 binds in the cyclooxygenase channel in a conformation that is different than that observed for other COX-2-selective inhibitors, such as celecoxib, with no discernible penetration into the side pocket formed in COX-2 by the isoform-specific substitutions of I434V, H513R, and I523V. Instead, the methanesulfonamide moiety of NS-398 interacts with the side chain of Arg-120 at the opening of the cyclooxygenase channel, similar to that observed for acidic, nonselective NSAIDs such as indomethacin and flurbiprofen. Our structure validates inhibitor studies that identified Arg-120 as a molecular determinant for time-dependent inhibition of COX-2 by NS-398.
indocin sr dosage
The lack of effective screening methods and systemic understanding of interaction mechanisms complicates the stabilizer selection process for nanocrystallization. This study focuses on the efficiency of stabilizers with various molecular compositions and structures to stabilize drug nanocrystals.
indocin 50mg dose
In the third month of treatment, joint pain, morning stiffness and sleep disturbance improved. After 8 months, in addition to complete improvement of skin dryness, sleep disturbance and joint pain, range of motion in cervical and lumbar spine were increased. In cervical rotation, distance from the chin to acromion decreased from 24 to 15 cm in right rotation and 20 to 13 cm in left rotation. Additionally, in cervical flexion distance from the chin to sternal notch decreased from 16 to 8 cm after treatment. In the lumbar spine, an increased Schober's index was seen.
indocin generic table
Indomethacin prophylaxis or expectant treatment are common strategies for the prevention or management of symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (sPDA).
Previously, SAR models for carcinogenesis used descriptors that are essentially chemical descriptors. Herein we report the development of models with the cat-SAR expert system using biological descriptors (i.e., ligand-receptor interactions) rat mammary carcinogens. These new descriptors are derived from the virtual screening for ligand-receptor interactions of carcinogens, non-carcinogens, and mammary carcinogens to a set of 5494 target proteins. Leave-one-out validations of the ligand mammary carcinogen-non-carcinogen model had a concordance between experimental and predicted results of 71%, and the mammary carcinogen-non-mammary carcinogen model was 72% concordant. The development of a hybrid fragment-ligand model improved the concordances to 85 and 83%, respectively. In a separate external validation exercise, hybrid fragment-ligand models had concordances of 81 and 76%. Analyses of example rat mammary carcinogens including the food mutagen and oestrogenic compound PhIP, the herbicide atrazine, and the drug indomethacin; the ligand model identified a number of proteins associated with each compound that had previously been referenced in Medline in conjunction with the test chemical and separately with association to breast cancer. This new modelling approach can enhance model predictivity and help bridge the gap between chemical structure and carcinogenic activity by descriptors that are related to biological targets.
indocin 1 mg
Local infiltration analgesia (LIA)--using a combination of local anesthetics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and epinephrine, injected periarticularly during surgery-has become popular in postoperative pain management after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We compared intrathecal morphine with LIA after TKA.
indocin gout dosage
IN SLNs (0.1% w/v) and NLCs (0.8% w/v) were prepared, characterized and evaluated. Their in vitro release and flux profiles across the cornea and sclera-choroid-RPE (trans-SCR) tissues and in vivo ocular tissue distribution were assessed. Furthermore, chitosan chloride (CS) (mol. wt.<200kDa), a cationic and water-soluble penetration enhancer, was used to modify the surface of the SLNs, and its effect was investigated through in vitro transmembrane penetration and in vivo distribution tissue studies.
Male Spague-Dawley rats, maintained under conventional conditions, were used. Enteritis was induced by systemic indomethacin administration. During the acute phase of inflammation, animals were euthanized and ileal and ceco-colonic changes evaluated. Inflammation was assessed through disease activity parameters (clinical signs, macroscopic/microscopic scores and tissue levels of inflammatory markers). Microbiota (ileal and ceco-colonic) was characterized using fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and analysis of 16s rDNA polymorphism. Host-bacterial interactions were assessed evaluating the ratio of bacterial adherence to the intestinal wall (FISH) and expression of TLRs 2 and 4 (RT-PCR).
indocin er dosage
Stable mixed hematopoietic chimerism has been consistently established in dogs who were mildly immunosuppressed by 200 cGy of total body irradiation (TBI) before undergoing dog leukocyte antigen (DLA)-identical bone marrow (BM) transplantation and who received a brief course of immunosuppression with mycophenolate mofetil (28 days) and cyclosporine (35 days) after transplantation. However, when TBI was reduced from 200 to 100 cGy, grafts were nearly uniformly rejected within 3-12 weeks. Here, we asked whether stable engraftment could be accomplished after a suboptimal dose of 100 cGy TBI with host immunosuppression enhanced by donor-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) given after transplantation. MSCs were cultured from BM cells and evaluated in vitro for antigen expression. They showed profound immunosuppressive properties in mixed lymphocyte reactions (MLRs) in a cell dose-dependent manner not restricted by DLA. MSC and lymphocyte contact was not required, indicating that immunosuppression was mediated by soluble factors. Prostaglandin E2 was increased in culture supernatant when MSCs were cocultured in MLRs. The addition of indomethacin restored lymphocyte proliferation in cultures containing MSCs. MSCs expressed CD10, CD13, CD29, CD44, CD73/SH-3, CD90/Thy-1, and CD106/VCAM-1. For in vivo studies, MSCs were injected on the day of BM grafting and on day 35, the day of discontinuation of posttransplantation cyclosporine. MSCs derived from the respective BM donors failed to avert BM graft rejection in 4 dogs who received DLA-identical grafts after nonmyeloablative conditioning with 100 cGy TBI in a time course not significantly different from that of control dogs not given MSCs. Although the MSCs displayed in vitro characteristics similar to those reported for MSCs from other species, their immunosuppressive qualities failed to sustain stable BM engraftment in vivo in this canine model.