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Vantin (Cefpodoxime)
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Vantin

Generic Vantin is a high-class medication which is taken in treatment and termination of serious infections such as pneumonia, gonorrhea, bronchitis, infection of skin, bladder, urinary tract, nose, throat and ear, sinus infections, tonsillitis. Generic Vantin acts as an anti-infection remedy. Generic Vantin operates by killing bacteria which spreads by infection.

Other names for this medication:

Similar Products:
Duricef, Ancef, Kefazol, Keflex, Keftabs, Velocef, Intracef, Ceporin

 

Also known as:  Cefpodoxime.

Description

Generic Vantin is created by pharmacy specialists to struggle with dangerous infections (infection of skin, bladder, urinary tract, nose, throat and ear, pneumonia, gonorrhea, bronchitis, sinus infections, tonsillitis). Target of Generic Vantin is to control, ward off and terminate bacteria.

Generic Vantin acts as an anti-infection remedy. Generic Vantin operates by killing bacteria which spreads by infection.

Vantin is also known as Cefpodoxime proxetil, Cefocep.

Generic Vantin and other antibiotics don't treat viral infections (flu, cold and other).

Generic Vantin is cephalosporins.

Generic name of Generic Vantin is Cefpodoxime.

Brand name of Generic Vantin is Vantin.

Dosage

Generic Vantin can be taken in tablets (200 mg), liquid forms. You should take it with water by mouth.

Generic Vantin treats different types of bacterial infections. Thus, for each treatment it has different dosage instructions.

It is better to take Generic Vantin 2 times a day for 7-14 days.

It is better to take Generic Vantin tablets every day at the same time with meals. Its liquid forms are taken with meals or without it.

Do not stop taking Generic Vantin suddenly.

Overdose

If you overdose Generic Vantin and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Symptoms of Generic Vantin overdosage: abdominal cramps, diarrhoea, nausea, retching.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. After mixing the suspension store in a refrigerator between 2 and 8 degrees C (36 and 46 degrees F). Do not freeze. Throw away unused portion after fourteen days. Keep out of the reach of children in a container that small children cannot open.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Vantin are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Do not use Generic Vantin if you are allergic to Generic Vantin components.

Be careful with Generic Vantin if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby. Avoid breast-feeding.

Do not use Generic Vantin in case of taking antacids as Tums, Maalox, Rolaids or other stomach acid reducers as Axid, Protonix, Zantac, Aciphex, Tagamet, Prilosec, Nexium, Pepcid, Prevacid.

Be careful with Generic Vantin in case of having allergy to cephalosporins (Ceftin, Duricef, Ceclor, Keflex).

Be careful with Generic Vantin usage in case of having kidney or liver disease, colitis, stomach problems.

Try to be careful with Generic Vantin usage in case of taking antibiotics, loop diuretic (furosemide, bumetanide as Bumex, torsemide as Demadex); probenecid as Benemid; warfarin as Coumadin; ethacrynic acid as Edecrin.

Use Generic Vantin with great care in case you want to undergo an operation (dental or any other).

Try to avoid machine driving.

Avoid alcohol.

It can be dangerous to stop Generic Vantin taking suddenly.

vantin dose

A patient with a recent history of cefpodoxime proxetil treatment presented with elevated serum creatinine, oliguria, nausea, vomiting, and dyspnea. Evidence of renal failure, abnormal urinalysis, and renal biopsy with inflammatory infiltrate in the interstitium confirmed a diagnosis of AIN. The patient subsequently developed IHA, which was confirmed by peripheral blood smear results and positive Coombs' test. The patient recovered after dialysis therapy and 2 days of intravenous methylprednisolone (500mg/day) followed by oral prednisolone (60 mg/day), which was rapidly tapered and stopped within 3 weeks.

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Cefpodoxime is an oral third-generation cephalosporin used for the treatment of acute upper-respiratory tract infections caused by susceptible bacteria in children. Although not indicated for the treatment of bacterial meningitis, it is used to treat other infections produced by organisms associated with meningitis and may obscure the result of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cultures in children who develop meningitis while receiving oral antibiotics if sufficient concentrations are achieved in the CSF. This study evaluated the disposition of cefpodoxime and penetration into CSF in piglets. Fifteen Landacre-Camborough cross piglets (10-20 days old) received cefpodoxime proxetil oral suspension (10 mg/kg). Repeated plasma and CSF samples were collected over 24 hours for quantitation of cefpodoxime by HPLC. Pharmacokinetic analysis was performed on both plasma and CSF data. The plasma concentration versus time data for cefpodoxime were best characterized using a one-compartment model with first-order absorption. The mean (+/- SD) pharmacokinetic parameters for Cmax, tmax, and AUC0-infinity were 23.3 +/- 12.9 mg/L, 3.9 +/- 1.4 h, and 237 +/- 129 mg/L.h, respectively. CSF/plasma ratios for AUC0-infinity demonstrated a mean cefpodoxime penetration of approximately 5%. CSF penetration of cefpodoxime was evident following a single oral dose of cefpodoxime proxetil suspension. Despite the small percentage of total cefpodoxime dose distributing into the CSF, the resultant concentrations approached or exceeded the MIC90 for many bacterial pathogens considered susceptible to cefpodoxime. Accordingly, clinicians should use caution in the interpretation of CSF cultures in patients who develop clinical signs and symptoms consistent with meningitis and who have been previously treated with cefpodoxime.

vantin oral suspension

A total of 368 patients (age 2 months to 17 years) were randomized to receive either cefpodoxime or cefixime in a 2:1 ratio (245 cefpodoxime, 123 cefixime); 236 patients (155 cefpodoxime, 81 cefixime) were evaluable for drug efficacy.

vantin suspension

Blood glucose, protein, AST and ALT activities were not significantly altered but the hemoglobin level and total and live sperm count decreased significantly in the study group compared to the control group. Residual level of cefpodoxime was highest in liver followed by kidney and other study organs. Therefore, the drug should be used in human beings judiciously and further study on human subjects is warranted.

vantin 500 mg

Prospective, randomized, observer-blind, multicenter study.

vantin dosing uti

Acute bacterial rhinosinusitis (ABRS) is a common reason for healthcare visits, and one of the more common reasons for the use of antibiotics. In an effort to improve the diagnosis and appropriate therapy of ABRS, several guidelines have been developed. Current guidelines recommend extended-spectrum cephalosporins as one of the first-line options for the treatment of this condition. In addition, most cephalosporins recommended by recent guidelines (e.g. cefuroxime axetil, cefpodoxime proxetil and cefdinir) are unlikely to be associated with cross-reactivity with penicillins, and may be considered effective alternatives to amoxicillin in adults who are allergic to penicillin.

vantin renal dosing

A single dose of cefpodoxime proxetil oral suspension was administered (10 mg/kg) to each horse by use of a nasogastric tube. In 7- to 14-day-old foals, 5 additional doses were administered intragastrically at 12-hour intervals. The MIC of cefpodoxime for each of 173 bacterial isolates was determined by use of a commercially available test.

vantin dose information

In this multicenter, observer-blinded study, 301 patients with signs and symptoms of acute bacterial exacerbation of COPD were randomized (2:1) to receive either cefpodoxime proxetil (200 mg, bid) or cefaclor (250 mg, tid) for 10 days. Clinical and microbiologic evaluations were performed before treatment, during therapy (study days 3 to 5), at the end of therapy (3 to 7 days posttreatment), and at long-term follow-up (4 weeks posttreatment). The most common pretreatment isolates were Haemophilus influenzae, Haemophilus parainfluenzae, and Streptococcus pneumoniae. Significantly (p < 0.001) more bacterial isolates were susceptible in vitro to cefpodoxime (233 of 256, 91 percent) than to cefaclor (215 of 255, 84 percent). There were no statistically significant differences between the two drug regimens in eradication of the initial pathogen (cefpodoxime, 116 of 128, 91 percent; cefaclor, 59 of 64, 92 percent) or end-of-therapy clinical response (cure + proved; cefpodoxime, 99 of 100, 99 percent; cefaclor, 45 of 49, 92 percent) rates for evaluable patients. Both drug treatments were well-tolerated, with a similar incidence of drug-related adverse events (cefpodoxime 11 percent, cefaclor 12 percent). Cefpodoxime (bid) was as safe and effective as cefaclor (tid) in the treatment of acute exacerbation of COPD. The less frequent dosing regimen of cefpodoxime may improve patient compliance compared to those antibiotics that require three or four daily doses.

vantin generic

Clinical studies of cefpodoxime proxetil (CPDX-PR), a new cephem antibiotic, were carried out in 60 patients in the pediatric field. The overall efficacy rate on 54 patients with various infections was 98.1%, and few side effects, all of them very mild, were developed in 6 of 60 patients (10%). It was concluded that CPDX-PR was one of the most useful antibiotics in the pediatric field because of the high efficacy rate and the safety.

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Poorly water-soluble drugs such as cefpodoxime proxetil (400 μg/ml) offer a challenging problem in drug formulation as poor solubility is generally associated with poor dissolution characteristics and thus poor oral bioavailability. According to these characteristics, preparation of cefpodoxime proxetil microparticle has been achieved using high-speed homogenization. Polymers (methylcellulose, sodium alginate, and chitosan) were precipitated on the surface of cefpodoxime proxetil using sodium citrate and calcium chloride as salting-out agents. The pure drug and the prepared microparticles with different concentrations of polymer (0.05-1.0%) were characterized in terms of solubility, drug content, particle size, thermal behavior (differential scanning calorimeter), surface morphology (scanning electron microscopy), in vitro drug release, and stability studies. The in vivo performance was assessed by pharmacokinetic study. The dissolution studies demonstrate a marked increase in the dissolution rate in comparison with pure drug. The considerable improvement in the dissolution rate of cefpodoxime proxetil from optimized microparticle was attributed to the wetting effect of polymers, altered surface morphology, and micronization of drug particles. The optimized microparticles exhibited excellent stability on storage at accelerated condition. The in vivo studies revealed that the optimized formulations provided improved pharmacokinetic parameter in rats as compared with pure drug. The particle size of drug was drastically reduced during formulation process of microparticles.

vantin antibiotic dosage

The proposed HPTLC method can be applied for identification and quantitative determination of cefpodoxime proxetil in both bulk drug and pharmaceutical formulation.

vantin dosage

A stability-indicating spectrofluorometric method was investigated for the determination of three cephalosporin drugs, namely, cefpodoxime proxetil (CPD), cefixime trihydrate (CFX), and cefepime hydrochloride (CPM), via their acid and alkali degradation products. The three drugs were determined via their acid degradation at 432, 422, and 435 nm using an excitation wavelength of 310, 330, and 307 nm for CPD, CFX, and CPM determination, respectively, and via their alkali degradation at 407, 411, and 405 nm using an excitation wavelength of 310, 305, and 297 nm for CPD, CFX, and CPM determination, respectively. Linearity was achieved in the ranges of 0.35-3.50, 0.4-4.0, and 0.3-3.0 μg/mL for the acid degradation products of CPD, CFX, and CPM, respectively, and in ranges of 0.05-0.5, 0.1-1.0, and 0.08-0.80 μg/mL for the alkali degradation products of CPD, CFX, and CPM, respectively. The method was validated for various parameters according to International Conference on Harmonization guidelines. The method was successfully applied for the determination of these cephalosporin drugs in pharmaceutical dosage forms with good accuracy and precision. The results obtained by the proposed spectrofluorometric method were compared with good agreement to the official HPLC method.

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A high-performance liquid chromatographic method has been developed to determine cefpodoxime levels in chinchilla plasma and middle ear fluid (MEF) to be used in studying otitis media. Cefpodoxime and the internal standard, cefuroxime, were separated on an ODS column (250 x 2.1 mm I.D., 5 microns Hypersil), using a mobile phase of 25 mM acetate buffer (pH 4.3)/15 mM triethylamine-acetonitrile (92.5:7.5, v/v). Following elution of cefpodoxime and the internal standard, at 3.5 and 5.9 min respectively, the acetonitrile concentration was increased to 1:1 (v/v) in a step function to elute endogenous compounds retained on the column. Sample preparation involved protein precipitation with acetonitrile. This fast, efficient protein precipitation procedure together with UV detection allows a quantitation limit of 50 ng/ml with a 50-microliters sample size. Recoveries (mean +/- S.D., n = 3) at 0.1 microgram/ml in MEF were 90.3 +/- 2.9% and 88.6 +/- 1.2% for cefpodoxime and cefuroxime respectively. Recoveries (mean +/- S.D., n = 3) at 0.1 microgram/ml in plasma were 72.1 +/- 7.3% and 81.1 +/- 1.1% for cefpodoxime and cefuroxime respectively. The method was evaluated with biological samples taken from chinchillas with middle ear infections after administering cefpodoxime proxetil.

vantin 100mg tablets

Cefpodoxime (CPDX-PR) was evaluated clinically in respiratory tract infections. The results obtained are summarized as follows; 1. The total number of the patients who were treated with CPDX-PR was 61, out of whom 53 cases were evaluated for clinical efficacy and 55 cases were investigated for the safety of the drug. CPDX-PR was given orally twice a day at 100-200 mg for 5-21 days. 2. Clinical efficacies were excellent in 9 patients, good in 36, fair in 4 and poor in 4. The overall clinical efficacy was 84.9%. In particular, CPDX-PR showed satisfactory efficacy for acute respiratory infections and mild chronic respiratory infections, with efficacy rates of 88.6% (31/35) and 100% (8/8), respectively. 3. No adverse reactions was observed, but slight and transient elevation of BUN was noted. In conclusion, it has been confirmed that CPDX-PR is an excellent and safe drug for the treatment of the respiratory tract infections.

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Reversed-phase liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS) was used to characterize impurities in cefpodoxime proxetil, an ester-modified prodrug. Based on the mechanisms by which cephalosporins are degraded, stress tests were designed and performed. The bulk material and capsule were eluted through a C18 column with formic acid-methanol-water as the mobile phase. In total, 15 impurities were characterized in commercial samples, including 7 known impurities and 8 new impurities. The structures of these unknown compounds were deduced via comparison with the fragmentation patterns of cefpodoxime proxetil. Data from this systematic study will help improve the safety and quality of cefpodoxime proxetil.

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To report a case of renal toxicity associated with administration of indinavir sulfate in a pediatric hemophiliac with HIV infection.

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AOM is one of the most common pediatric infections requiring a prescription for an antimicrobial agent. The optimal approach to treatment of AOM requires early, efficacious, and practical therapy. Several experts and organizations have developed recommendations for the management of AOM, but the number of these may overwhelm the busy primary care practitioner. A MEDLINE search of the pediatric and infectious disease literature on AOM treatment recommendations was used to select 3 representative, previously published articles for this review. When selecting an agent, physicians should consider in vitro activity, particularly against drug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae; pharmacokinetics; adverse events; palatability of the suspension; and cost. In addition, physicians' clinical experience is an important determinant.

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Tissue concentration of protein-unbound cefpodoxime was similar to that of the protein-unbound plasma concentration. Cefpodoxime remained in tissues longer than did cephalexin.

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The effects of food intake and age on intestinal absorption of AS-924, a novel prodrug-type cephem antibiotic, were examined in 16 healthy adult volunteers (eight young volunteers and eight elderly volunteers) by the cross-over method, using cefpodoxime proxetil (CPOD-PR) as the control drug. The gastrointestinal absorption of AS-924 and CPOD-PR was increased slightly by food intake and the extent of increase was slightly greater after administration of CPOD-PR. The absorption of AS-924 was not affected by age, whereas intestinal absorption of CPOD-PR increased with age. In conclusion, these results confirmed that AS-924 has the unique characteristics as a novel prodrug and that its absorption is less likely to be affected by food intake and age.

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End-of-therapy clinical cure rates in evaluable patients were 56% for the cefpodoxime group and 54% for the cefixime group. Clinical improvement rates were 27% for both groups. Clinical response rates were not significantly different between treatment groups (P = .541; 95% confidence interval = -8.1%, 15.2%). At long-term follow-up, 17% of patients in the cefpodoxime group and 20% in the cefixime group had a recurrence of infection. Drug-related adverse events (eg, diarrhea, diaper rash, vomiting, rash) occurred in 23.3% of cefpodoxime-treated patients and 17.9% of cefixime-treated patients (P = .282).

vantin antibiotic medication

BACKGROUND, OUTCOME AND METHODS: Observational study of the clinical efficacy and tolerance of the cefpodoxime proxetil preparation, Podomexef. The study was conducted from August 1996 to April 1997. A total of 549 practitioners participated, 2,734 patients were recruited, and the data of 2714 patients were analyzed.

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The taste and acceptability of the oral suspension form of azithromycin vs. cefixime, cefpodoxime proxetil, cefprozil, clarithromycin or loracarbef were rated by children during blinded taste tests and with acceptability/ preference questionnaires.

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A prospective study was conducted, with a sample size of 276 patients, who visited the ENT OPD and IPD over a period of 4 months.

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Cefpodoxime demonstrates good in vitro activity against pathogens frequently associated with respiratory tract, urinary tract, and skin and tissue infections. It has not demonstrated greater efficacy than the other antibiotics to which it has been compared. The available published clinical trials are fraught with methodologic, statistical, and evaluative flaws. Thus, further trials comparing cefpodoxime with established treatments, as well as the newer cephalosporins, are needed before its place in therapy can be established.

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Analysis of restriction fragment-length polymorphism of ribosomal DNA regions (ribotypes) was used as an epidemiologic tool to compare 25 pre- and posttreatment strains obtained from 12 patients treated with either cefpodoxime proxetil or amoxicillin-clavulanic acid. Ribotyping is a promising method to differentiate relapse from reinfection in the treatment failures of Escherichia coli urinary tract infections.

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Five days of treatment with cefpodoxime is as efficacious in bacteriologic eradication and clinical response (cure plus improvement) as 10 days of cefpodoxime therapy, and both cefpodoxime regimens produced superior bacteriologic efficacy compared with a 10-day regimen of penicillin V in the treatment of group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal tonsillopharyngitis in children.

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vantin max dose 2015-02-02

Tween 80 and TPGS as surfactants and Capmul MCM as oil phase were found to produce stable nanoemulsions. Five formulations of SNEDDS had globule size of 55-60 nm and zeta potential of -4 to -11 mV. Self-emulsification time was between 221 and 370 s, while viscosity was dependent on composition of SNEDDS. Cloud point was above 70°C which indicated the retention of in vivo self-emulsifying properties. Average flux for cefpodoxime proxetil (CP) and SNEDDS was 0.104 and 0.985 µg/cm(2) min. Permeability was 19.72 and 206 buy vantin online for CP and SNEDDS. Liquid SNEDDS spray coated onto micropellets of microcrystalline cellulose (18-20#) were analysed by scanning electron microscope (SEM), self-emulsification and in vitro dissolution. A 5.36-fold increase in area under curve AUC(0-∞) was observed for CP-SNEDDS than plain drug. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was lower for SNEDDS. Liquid and SNEDDS micropellets were stable under accelerated conditions.

vantin syrup 2017-05-01

To determine the oral kinetic ( blood and tissue) after single therapeutic dose of cefpodoxime proxetil (20mg/kg oral bid 7 days) in rats of either sex on tissue half life and certain biochemical parameters such as glucose, hemoglobin, protein, ALT, AST and other parameters like tissue residue, sperm count and spermatozoa motility buy vantin online in male rats.

vantin drug interactions 2016-04-30

In order to objectively evaluate the effectiveness, safety and usefulness of the new oral cephem cefpodoxime proxetil (CS-807, CPDX-PR) for the treatment of skin and soft tissue infections, a double-blind comparative study was undertaken using cefaclor (CCL) as the control drug. CPDX-PR and CCL were administered for 7 days at daily doses of 400 mg (divided into 2 portions) and 750 mg (divided into 3 portions), respectively. A total of 243 patients (118 in the CPDX-PR group and 125 in the CCL group) was treated in this study. The effectiveness, safety and usefulness were evaluated in 222 (106 in the CPDX-PR group and 116 in the CCL group), 234 (113 in the CPDX-PR group and 121 in the CCL group) and in 223 patients (107 in the CPDX-PR group and 116 in the CCL group), respectively. There were no differences in patients' backgrounds between the 2 groups, except for the presence or the absence of surgical treatments. The results we obtained are summarized below: 1. In the evaluation of clinical efficacy by the subcommittee, excellent, good, fair and poor efficacy were observed in 36, 43, 17 and 10 patients in the CPDX-PR group, respectively; the efficacy rate was, therefore, calculated to be 74.5%. As for the CCL group, respective results were observed in 50, 39, 17 and 10 patients, indicating an efficacy rate of 76.7%. There was no significant difference between the 2 groups. Improvement rates judged by physicians in charge were 80.2% in the CPDX-PR group and 88.8% in the CCL group. Moreover, no significant difference in diseases or severity were found between the 2 groups. 2. As for the bacteriological efficacy, the 2 groups showed high elimination rates, as 90.1% and 91.6% of the disease causing bacteria were eliminated in the CPDX-PR group and in the CCL group, respectively. Elimination rates in single infections with Staphylococcus aureus were determined to be 85.7% in the CPDX-PR group and 85.0% in the CCL group. 3. Although 6 patients in the CPDX-PR group and 2 patients in the CCL group developed side effects, which were mainly gastrointestinal symptoms, there was no significant difference in buy vantin online the incidence of side effects between the 2 groups. Abnormal laboratory values were found in 5 patients in the CPDX-PR group and 1 patient in the CCL group. 4. There was no significant difference in the usefulness between the 2 groups.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

vantin tablet 2016-11-01

The risk for a child to carry penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae (MIC > or = 0.125 mg/l) did not increase after antibiotic treatment: 84 of 364 (23.1%) before, 70 of 364 (19.2%) after. There was a significant decrease of penicillin-susceptible S. pneumoniae carriage, 117 of 364 (32.1%) before treatment compared with 24 of 364 (6.6%) (P = 0.0001) after treatment. However, among the children carrying S. pneumoniae at the end of the treatment there was an increase in the percentage of penicillin-resistant pneumococci: 84 of 201 (41.8%) before treatment and 70 of 94 (74.5%) after treatment. Among the 94 children carrying S. pneumoniae at the end of the treatment, 22 did buy vantin online not harbor pneumococcus before, 16 carried another genotypically different serotype and 56 harbored the same serotype. Among these 56 children 2 patients harbored strains that had increased MICs for the tested beta-lactam antibiotics. The randomly amplified polymorphic DNA analysis showed that in one case, the strains were genetically different.

generic vantin 100mg 2016-06-29

Cefpodoxime proxetil was administered to 36 children undergoing tonsillectomy, adenoidectomy or both. It was very well tolerated. The detectable tissue concentrations of cefpodoxime were moderate but remained constant (approximately 0.05 mg/kg) 3, 6, and 12 h after the last dose of the drug, while the respective plasma concentrations were declining. This suggests the possibility of twice-daily administration. However, 30% of children did not have quantifiable concentrations in the tonsil and more than half the adenoids did not have quantifiable levels. Whether a higher dosage would lead to higher and more satisfactory buy vantin online tissue concentrations is a matter for further investigation.

vantin antibiotic medication 2017-02-19

Cefpodoxime proxetil, a third generation, broad-spectrum, oral cephalosporin, was administered in single doses of 100, 200, 400, 600, and 800 mg (dose expressed as cefpodoxime equivalents) and multiple doses of 100, 200, and 400 mg twice daily to healthy volunteers. The pharmacokinetics of the active metabolite, cefpodoxime, and tolerance of cefpodoxime proxetil were determined. Results from the single-dose study indicate that cefpodoxime exhibits nonlinear pharmacokinetics over the dose range of 100 to 800 mg. This nonlinearity is primarily due to differences in dose-normalized AUC and Cmax, urinary recovery, and half-life between one or more of the higher-dose treatment groups and the 100-mg dosing group. After multiple-dose (twice daily) administration for 15 days, steady state is achieved on the second day of dosing, and there is no drug accumulation. Cefpodoxime pharmacokinetics are linear with dose over the clinically relevant dosing range of 100 to 400 mg. Microbiologic and HPLC plasma assay results are highly correlated, with close agreement between HPLC- and microbiologic-determined pharmacokinetic parameter estimates. Cefpodoxime proxetil was well tolerated in both studies. The most buy vantin online frequent medical events were related to gastrointestinal problems and consisted of transient loose stools in three subjects in the single-dose study and antibiotic-associated diarrhea in one subject in the multiple-dose study.

vantin reviews 2016-10-01

Prospective, randomized buy vantin online , observer-blind, multicenter study.

vantin oral suspension 2016-10-22

The levels of degradation of cefetamet pivoxil (CAT), cefuroxime axetil (CAE), and cefpodoxime proxetil (CPD) in 0.6 M phosphate buffer (pH 7.4) and human intestinal juice (pH 7.4) at 37 degreesC over 24 h were compared. Significant differences in the time courses of degradation and in the patterns of degradation products were observed. (i) The relative proportions of the Delta2- and Delta3-cephalosporins were roughly reversed in the two incubation media. In phosphate buffer, the major degradation product was the Delta2-cephalosporin (CAT = 61%; CAE = 74%; CPD = 85%), while in intestinal juice it was the Delta3-cephalosporin (CAT = 86%; CAE = 75%; CPD = 87%). (ii) Generally, the degradation of the prodrug esters progressed faster in intestinal juice than in phosphate buffer (e.g., for CAT the half-lives [t1/2s] were 0.78 and 4.3 h, respectively). (iii) The two diastereoisomers of CAE and CPD were degraded at different rates in intestinal juice (for the CAE diasteroisomers, t1/2s = 0.37 and 0.93 h; for the CPD diastereoisomers, t1/2s = 0. buy vantin online 18 and 0.98 h) but were degraded at similar rates in phosphate buffer (for the CAE diastereoisomers, t1/2 = 1.6 h; for the CPD t1/2 diastereoisomers, = 2.2 h). It is concluded that (i) the Delta2 isomerization does not significantly affect the bioavailability of prodrug esters since enzymatic hydrolysis in the intestinal fluid proceeds mainly to the active Delta3-cephalosporin and (ii) the high degree of stereoselectivity of the enzymatic ester hydrolysis should make it possible to increase the bioavailabilities of certain prodrug esters (CAE, CPD) by using the more stable diasterioisomer.

vantin 100mg tablets 2015-11-30

In this study, we evaluated the clinical efficacy of cefpodoxime proxetil (CPDX-PR) in otorhinolaryngological infections. The subjects were 205 patients (85 men and 120 women) with various otorhinolaryngological infections, aged from 16 to 81 years (mean 49.2 years): 113 patients had acute infections, 25 patients had chronic infections and 67 patients had acute exacerbation of chronic infections. 1. Clinical evaluation The overall efficacy rate was 75.6%. When classified by disease, the efficacy rate buy vantin online was 84.9%, 60.0%, 65.6% in acute infections, chronic infections and acute exacerbation of chronic infections, respectively. 2. Bacteriological evaluation Frequencies of isolation of different organisms were studied: 49 strains of Staphylococcus aureus, 27 strains of Staphylococcus sp. and 15 strains of Streptococcus sp. were found in the decreasing order of frequencies. Antibacterial activities against S. aureus, Staphylococcus sp. and several other organisms were compared among CPDX-PR, ampicillin, cefaclor, cefteram and norfloxacin: CPDX-PR showed the highest activity. 3. Side effect Mild urticaria was observed in only 1 patient. Abnormal laboratory test results were mild elevation of GOT and GPT in 3 of 43 patients. Based on the above results, we consider that CPDX-PR is useful for treatment of otorhinolaryngological infections.

vantin 200mg generic 2017-10-22

In Japan, oral antimicrobial agents are prophylactically used with oxytocics after normal delivery to prevent puerperal infections. The present study was designed to investigate bacterial floras in the endometrial cavity immediately after normal delivery and the effect of prophylactic use of anti-microbial agents on those floras. Sixty-six puerperae who underwent uneventful courses of pregnancy and delivery were subjected for this study. Intrauterine contents were collected on the first day and the fifth buy vantin online day of the puerperium and submitted to microbiological examinations. Cefpodoxime proxetil (CPDX-PR) was orally given to the puerperae for prophylaxis for 5 days after the initial sampling. On the puerperal first day, a total of 98 strains (71 strains of aerobic bacteria, 27 strains of anaerobic bacteria) was detected in the uteri of the 66 subjects. The incidences of aerobic Gram-positive cocci, aerobic Gram-negative bacilli and anaerobic bacteria were 59.2%, 12.2%, 27.6% of the 98 strains, respectively. On the puerperal fifth day, a total of 82 strains (51 strains of aerobic bacteria and 31 strains of anaerobic bacteria) were detected in the uteri of the 66 subjects. The incidences of aerobic Gram-positive cocci, aerobic Gram-negative bacilli and anaerobic bacteria were 52.5%, 8.6% and 37.7% of 82 strains, respectively.

vantin 200mg tab 2016-10-01

A 16-year-old white hemophiliac boy with HIV infection secondary to tainted coagulation factor VIII was treated with indinavir sulfate. The patient developed gross hematuria, proteinuria, pyuria, abdominal pain, increased bilirubin, an elevated serum creatinine (SCr) of 1.2 mg/dL (baseline 0.9-1.0), and symptoms of renal colic within 1 month of starting indinavir sulfate therapy. Approximately 2 months later the patient developed a low-grade fever with a further increase in SCr. He was prescribed a 10-day course of cefpodoxime proxetil for a buy vantin online possible urinary tract infection. One week later, the patient developed fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, decreased appetite, sterile pyuria, nasal congestion, and an elevated SCr of 1.3-1.7 mg/dL. Indinavir sulfate and cefpodoxime proxetil were discontinued and the patient was suspected of having tubulointerstitial nephritis secondary to indinavir sulfate. The patient's nephritis resolved and the SCr decreased to 1.1 mg/dL within 1 month of discontinuing indinavir sulfate.

buy vantin 2015-11-06

The effect of a high-fat meal on absorption of a 200-mg dose of cefpodoxime proxetil oral suspension was evaluated in 20 healthy, male volunteers in a randomized, two-way crossover study. The concentrations of cefpodoxime in plasma and in urine were determined by sensitive and specific high-performance liquid chromatography methods. The area under the plasma drug concentration-time curve, time to peak concentration, and urinary excretion of cefpodoxime were significantly greater (P < or = 0.05) after administration of cefpodoxime proxetil oral suspension with food buy vantin online than under fasting conditions. However, the difference in the areas under the curve between fed and fasted treatments was only 11%, and application of the two one-sided tests procedure showed bioequivalence between treatments for this parameter. The slight increase in the extent of drug absorption and the slower rate of absorption which results when cefpodoxime proxetil is given with food are unlikely to be of clinical importance.

vantin dose 2017-10-24

The comparative pharmacokinetics of the new oral cephalosporins (ester and nonester types), together with that of the first generation carbacephem, loracarbef, are considered in healthy volunteers. Also in this review, pharmacokinetic and microbiological data are combined in order to predict the possible clinical efficacy of this group of agents. Despite Desyrel 30 Mg apparent similarities in the structure of these agents, single dose studies have revealed marked differences in the pharmacokinetics of the oral cephalosporins. Multiple dose studies showed no evidence of accumulation with these agents. In the elderly, only minor changes in the pharmacokinetics of the oral agents were observed, and were insufficient to warrant dosage adjustment. Unlike that of the nonester compounds, the bioavailability of the ester cephalosporins is increased when they are administered after food. Variable effects are observed when the ester agents are coadministered with antacids or H2-antagonists; while the absorption of cefetamet pivoxil was unaffected by coadministered antacids or H2-antagonists, the absorption of cefpodoxime proxetil was reduced.

vantin generic 2015-12-20

We explored the antibacterial prescribing patterns of physicians in ear, nose and throat (ENT) Avapro Name Brand outpatient and inpatient departments (OPD, IPD) of a University Hospital, New Delhi, India.

vantin medicine 2017-04-24

We evaluated the usefulness of cefpodoxime proxetil (CPDX-PR) in the treatment of puerperal infection and obtained the following results. (i) The susceptibilities of 124 clinical isolates from 85 uterine lochia samples were determined. The MIC at which the growth of Streptococcus agalactiae, Escherichia coli, and Bacteroides fragilis isolates was inhibited by 90% (MIC90) was 0.39 micrograms/ml or less. The MIC90 for Staphylococcus aureus was 3.13 micrograms/ml. (ii) Seven puerperal women received 200 mg of CPDX-PR orally. The CPDX concentration in the lochias in the uterine cavity was not statistically different from that in the vagina, suggesting that the vaginal samples, which can be obtained more safely and aseptically, can be substituted for the uterine samples. The CPDX concentration in cubital venous blood reached a peak of 1.61 micrograms/ml at 3 hours after CPDX-PR administration. The CPDX concentration Adalat Retard Dose in the lochias gradually increased and reached a peak of 1.20 micrograms/ml in the uterine cavity and 1.27 micrograms/ml in the vagina at 5 h after drug administration and gradually declined thereafter. These results suggest that CPDX-PR, with its good transfer to the lochia and its potent antimicrobial activity, is a promising drug for the prophylactic and therapeutic treatment of puerperal infections caused by susceptible organisms.

vantin uti dosing 2015-04-02

The in vitro activity of the compound RU-51746, the sodium salt of cefpodoxime (which is administered orally as the ester cefpodoxime proxetil) was compared with that of other commonly used oral antibiotics against a selection of clinical isolates of common bacteria from patients with urinary tract, soft tissue and respiratory tract Periactin Drug Information infections. RU-51746 was found to inhibit 90% of Enterobacteriaceae at less than 1 mg/l; pneumococci, pyogenic streptococci (Lancefield groups A, C and G) and Streptococcus agalactiae were almost all inhibited by concentrations of less than 0.06 mg/l; Haemophilus influenzae (including beta-lactamase producers) were inhibited by less than 1 mg/l; 90% of Branhamella catarrhalis were inhibited at less than 2 mg/l. Activity against Acinetobacter spp. and staphylococci was variable and enterococci were all resistant.

vantin dosing 2015-11-10

The antibacterial activity of cefpodoxime proxetil was studied in an in-vitro model simulating doses of 100, 200 and 400 mg. Strains of Klebsiella spp. Proteus mirabilis, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus pyogenes, and Haemophilus influenzae were effectively reduced by a dose of 200 mg. While for Esch. coli no dose-activity relationship was observed--the maximal effect was achieved with a simulated dose of 100 mg--Staphylococcus aureus could be reduced effectively only by a simulated dose of 400 mg. The lower doses showed stepwise lower activities. Apart from broad spectrum beta-lactamases like SHV 2 or TEM 5 the presence of plasmid coded beta-lactamases in Esch. coli and H. influenzae did not affect the antibacterial activity of cefpodoxime proxetil. The results show Lamictal Reviews Bipolar that cefpodoxime was more active against Gram-negative bacteria than amoxycillin, and comparable activity to intramuscular cefotiam in the in-vitro model.

vantin renal dosing 2015-09-26

This multicenter, randomized, parallel treatment, observer-blinded study was designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of cefpodoxime proxetil (5 mg/kg twice daily for 10 days) compared with penicillin V (13.4 mg/kg three times daily for 10 days) for treatment of Group A streptococcal pharyngitis and tonsillitis in pediatric patients. Clinical and microbiologic results were evaluated before therapy, during therapy (Study Days 3 to 5), at the end of therapy (Study Days 14 to 18) and at long term follow-up (Study Days 30 to 32). Both drugs were well-tolerated in 578 patients evaluable for safety. Mild gastrointestinal complaints were noted in 6.7% of 386 cefpodoxime-treated patients and in 5.2% of 192 penicillin-treated patients. In 413 patients evaluable for efficacy, both treatment regimens resulted in comparably favorable clinical outcome; cure rates were 83.8% for 275 cefpodoxime-treated patients and 77.5% for 138 penicillin Duphaston Buy Usa -treated patients. However, eradication of S. pyogenes at end of therapy was significantly higher with cefpodoxime (93.1%) than with penicillin (81.2%) (P < 0.01). Cefpodoxime proxetil provides an effective alternative to penicillin V for the treatment of streptococcal pharyngitis and tonsillitis.

vantin suspension 2017-03-01

U-76,252 is the prodrug of U-76,253. MICs of U-76,253 were 0.015 to 0.06 microgram/ml for greater than or equal to 90% of the strains of Streptococcus spp., Haemophilus influenzae, and Proteus mirabilis; 0.25 to 1 microgram/ml for Branhamella catarrhalis, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp., and Citrobacter diversus; 1 to 8 micrograms/ml for Staphylococcus spp.; and 2 to greater than 16 micrograms/ml for other members of the family Enterobacteriaceae and Aeromonas hydrophila; for 72% of the latter group, MICs were less than or equal Tofranil Generic Name to 4 micrograms/ml. MICs for Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterococcus faecalis were greater than 16 micrograms/ml.

vantin dosing uti 2015-03-18

A ten day course of oral penicillin is still recommended for pharyngotonsillitis with the aim of eradicating Streptococcus pyogenes and preventing rheumatic fever. However there is some evidence that penicillin V therapy is less satisfactory than in former years. Several explanations have been suggested, including inadequate pharmacokinetic properties, poor patient compliance, penicillin tolerance, re-infection and carrier state, and indirect pathogenicity. In this context we evaluated the efficacy of third generation cephalosporins. We have shown that a short course of five days treatment with cefpodoxime is as effective as the ten days of Neurontin Drug Abuse conventional treatment with penicillin in terms of both clinical and bacteriological efficacy. Moreover the possibility of reducing the duration of therapy and the twice daily administration of these new cephalosporins results in better patient compliance with treatment.

vantin medication 2017-12-31

Eighteen patients undergoing thoracotomy for suspected pulmonary neoplasia were given 200 mg cefpodoxime equivalent by mouth, before operation. Plasma samples were obtained before dose administration, and plasma and lung tissue samples were obtained at the time of operation which was 3, 6 or 12 h after the dose. All samples were assayed for cefpodoxime. The mean ratios for lung tissue/plasma concentrations were similar between 3 and 12 h after dose, suggesting that equilibrium between plasma and lung tissue concentrations was reached within 3 h of medication. The mean concentrations of cefpodoxime in lung tissue were 0.63 +/- 0.16, 0.52 +/- 0.09 and 0.19 +/- 0.02 mg/kg at 3, 6 and Motilium Dosage 12 h after administration, respectively. These observations indicate good, rapid and sustained penetration into lung tissue in concentrations greater than or equal to the MIC90 for most common micro-organisms found in community-acquired pneumonia.

vantin drug 2015-07-12

The care strategy of pharyngitis has been changed dramatically these last years. Because of evolution of antibiotic resistance, the attitude which prevailed of the systematic treatment of pharyngitis in order to prevent a hypothetical acute rheumatic fever, could not persist. Discrimination between pharyngitis due to group A streptococcus (GAS) and nonstreptococcal pharyngitis (usually of viral causes) cannot be made in a reliable way by the clinical signs and symptoms, even Prandin Generic Name if clinical scores are used. The free availability to practitioners of GAS rapid diagnostic tests, sensitive (>90%) and specific (>95%), changes the rule by simplifying it: pharyngitis with positive test must be treated with antibiotics, those with negative test should not be received such treatment. A reduction of two thirds of antibiotics consumption for pharyngitis can be expected, while maintaining the benefit (improvement of the clinical signs, reduction of contagiousness and the complications) for the patients for whom it is necessary. Because of GAS resistance to macrolides and the absence of resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics, a compound belonging of this last family should be prescribed and for a short treatment duration: amoxicillin (50 mg/kg/j, b.i.d for 6 days), cefpodoxime proxetil (8 mg/kg/j b.i.d for 5 days), cefuroxime axetil (30 mg/kg/j b.i.d for 4 days).

vantin drug class 2015-03-09

Cefpodoxime proxetil (RU 51 807) is the oral prodrug of cefpodoxime (RU 51 763), a third generation cephalosporin. The antibacterial activity of cefpodoxime was compared with the activities of amoxicillin in combination with clavulanic acid (AUG), cefaclor (CCl), cefuroxime (CXM) and cefotaxime (CTX), against species of Enterobacteriaceae showing a resistance pattern against ampicillin (AMP), ticarcillin (TIC), cefalothin (CFT) and cefotaxime (CTX) respectively. For strains AMP and TIC R, CFT and CTX S, MICs 90% of cefpodoxime were 1 mg/l (E. coli), 0.5 (K. pneumoniae), 0.06 (P. mirabilis), 0.5 (Shigella sp.) and 1 (Salmonella sp.); they were 4 to 16 times as high for AUG -CCL -CXM and 4 to 16 times as low for CTX. For K. pneumoniae AMP and TIC R, CFT I/R and CTX S, similar résults were obsereved for the 5 beta-lactam antibiotics, but with an activity 10 times as low. Among the species AMP R, TIC S, CFT R and CTX S, cefpodoxime was active against P. rettgeri, P. stuartii, C. diversus, E. aerogenes and Y. enterocolitica (MICs 90% ranging from 2 to 4 mg/l; from 0.12 to 1 mg/l for CTX) and less active or inactive against P. vulgaris, E. cloacae, S. marcescens, M. morganii and E. coli (MICs 90% ranged from 16 to 32 mg/l; from 1 to 4 mg/l for CTX).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

vantin 100 mg 2016-07-08

Pharmacokinetics of cefpodoxime in plasma (total concentration) and subcutaneous fluid (free concentration using microdialysis) was investigated in dogs following single oral administration of prodrug cefpodoxime proxetil (equivalent to 5 and 10 mg/kg of cefpodoxime). In a cross over study design, six dogs per dose were utilized after a 1 week washout period. Plasma, microdialysate, and urine samples were collected upto 24 h and analyzed using high performance liquid chromatography. The average maximum concentration (C(max) ) of cefpodoxime in plasma was 13.66 (±6.30) and 27.14 (±4.56) μg/mL with elimination half-life (t(1/2) ) of 3.01 (±0.49) and 4.72 (±1.46) h following 5 and 10 mg/kg dose, respectively. The respective average area under the curve (AUC(0-∞) ) was 82.94 (±30.17) and 107.71 (±30.79) μg·h/mL. Cefpodoxime was readily distributed to skin and average free C(max) in subcutaneous fluid was 1.70 (±0.55) and 3.06 (±0.93) μg/mL at the two doses. Urinary excretion (unchanged cefpodoxime) was the major elimination route. Comparison of subcutaneous fluid concentrations using pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic indices of fT(>MIC) indicated that at 10 mg/kg dose; cefpodoxime would yield good therapeutic outcome in skin infections for bacteria with MIC(50) upto 0.5 μg/mL while higher doses (or more frequent dosing) may be needed for bacteria with higher MICs. High urine concentrations suggested cefpodoxime use for urinary infections in dogs.